Check out the word "Church" in the Old Testament. “Church” in the Old Testament
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The Word "Church" in the Old Testament

An Analysis by Bob Pickle

  1. Introduction
  2. Summary of Usage
  3. Sunagoge in Genesis
  4. Sunagoge in Exodus
  5. Sunagoge in Leviticus
  6. Sunagoge in Numbers
  7. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Deuteronomy
  8. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Joshua
  9. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Judges
  10. Ekklesia in 1 Samuel
  11. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in 1 Kings
  12. Ekklesia in 1 Chronicles
  13. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in 2 Chronicles
  14. Ekklesia in Ezra
  15. Ekklesia in Nehemiah
  16. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Job
  17. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Psalms
  18. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Proverbs
  19. Sunagoge in Isaiah
  20. Sunagoge in Jeremiah
  21. Ekklesia in Lamentations
  22. Sunagoge in Ezekiel
  23. Sunagoge in Daniel
  24. Ekklesia and Sunagoge in the Minor Prophets

Introduction

On page one we looked at selected verses from the Greek version of the Old Testament called the Septuagint (LXX), verses that contain the Greek words for "church" and "synagogue," ekklesia and sunagoge. These verses used "church" to refer to Israel and "synagogue" sometimes to refer to Gentiles. On this page we present the complete list of 264 verses that contain either of these two Greek words.

As on page one, we present each Bible verse in English as found in the King James Version (KJV), adding notes within brackets wherever the LXX deviates from the KJV in the relevant portions of those verses. In the eight instances where the word in question is found in the Codex Alexandrinus but not in the Codex Vaticanus, or in the five instances where the word in question is found in the Codex Vaticanus but not in the Codex Alexandrinus, that too is noted in brackets. The English words that correspond to ekklesia are highlighted in yellow, and those that correspond to sunagoge are highlighted in turquoise.

Two verses of the 264 referred to below, Joshua 20:4 and Daniel 8:25, are not actually quoted due to our difficulty in finding adequate translations. Proverbs 5:14 and Ezekiel 32:23 are listed twice to keep the numbering system we used accurate. The former verse uses both of the words in question, and which word the latter contains depends on which manuscript one uses.

Summary of Usage

One fact that jumps out at us is that in some books and at some times ekklesia was more popular, and in other books and at other times sunagoge was more popular:

  • Sunagoge is the only word used in 122 verses in Genesis through Numbers.
  • Ekklesia is the clear favorite in Deuteronomy, used in 8 out of 10 verses.
  • Sunagoge is used in 13 out of 14 verses in Joshua.
  • Sunagoge and ekklesia, used in 5 and 3 verses respectively, are nearly on equal footing in Judges.
  • Ekklesia is used in 2 verses in 1 Samuel.
  • Ekklesia and sunagoge, used in 5 and 3 verses respectively, are nearly on equal footing in 1 Kings.
  • Ekklesia is used in 40 out of 41 verses in 1 Chronicles through Nehemiah.
  • Sunagoge and ekklesia are nearly on equal footing in Job, Psalms, and Proverbs, used in 15 and 12 verses respectively.
  • Sunagoge is used in 25 or 26 verses out of a total of 28 from Isaiah through Daniel.
  • Out of 5 verses in five minor prophets, 3 use sunagoge and 2 use ekklesia.

Sunagoge in Genesis

  1. "And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place [LXX reads: "one meeting"], and let the dry land appear: and it was so." [LXX adds: "And the water which was under the heaven was collected into their meetings, and the dry land appeared."] (Gen. 1:9)

  2. "And God Almighty bless thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a multitude [plural in LXX] of people." (Gen. 28:3)

  3. "And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company [plural in LXX] of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins." (Gen. 35:11)

  4. "And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude [plural in LXX] of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession." (Gen. 48:4)

Sunagoge in Exodus

  1. "Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house." (Ex. 12:3)

  2. "And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening." (Ex. 12:6)

  3. "Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land." (Ex. 12:19)

  4. "All the congregation of Israel shall keep it." (Ex. 12:47)

  5. "And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt." (Ex. 16:1)

  6. "And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness." (Ex. 16:2)

  7. "And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger." (Ex. 16:3)

  8. "And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel [LXX reads: "all the congregation of the children of Israel"], At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt:" (Ex. 16:6)

  9. "And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the LORD: for he hath heard your murmurings." (Ex. 16:9)

  10. "And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud." (Ex. 16:10)

  11. "And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses." (Ex. 16:22)

  12. "And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink." (Ex. 17:1)

  13. "And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours [LXX reads: "the gathering of thy labors"] out of the field." (Ex. 23:16)

  14. "And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end." (Ex. 34:22)

  15. "And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them." (Ex. 34:31)

  16. "And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them." (Ex. 35:1)

  17. "And Moses spake unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the LORD commanded, saying . . . ." (Ex. 35:4)

  18. "And all the congregation of the children of Israel departed from the presence of Moses." (Ex. 35:20)

  19. "And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood: five cubits was the length thereof, and five cubits the breadth thereof; it was foursquare; and three cubits the height thereof." [LXX reads quite differently, and has this verse identified as vs. 22: "He made the brazen altar of the brazen censers, which belonged to the men engaged in sedition with the gathering of Core."] (Ex. 38:1)

  20. "And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation was an hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary." (Ex. 38:25)

Sunagoge in Leviticus

  1. "And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty;" (Lev. 4:13)

  2. "When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation." (Lev. 4:14)

  3. "And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock before the LORD: and the bullock shall be killed before the LORD." (Lev. 4:15)

  4. "And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first bullock: it is a sin offering for the congregation." (Lev. 4:21)

  5. "And gather thou all the congregation together unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation." (Lev. 8:3)

  6. "And Moses did as the LORD commanded him; and the assembly was gathered together unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation." (Lev. 8:4)

  7. "And Moses said unto the congregation, This is the thing which the LORD commanded to be done." (Lev. 8:5)

  8. "And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tabernacle of the congregation: and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD." (Lev. 9:5)

  9. "Then Moses said unto Aaron, This is it that the LORD spake, saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh me, and before all the people [LXX reads: "all the congregation"] I will be glorified. And Aaron held his peace." (Lev. 10:3)

  10. "And Moses said unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons, Uncover not your heads, neither rend your clothes; lest ye die, and lest wrath come upon all the people [the Hebrew word for "people" agrees with the LXX and is actually "congregation"]: but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD hath kindled." (Lev. 10:6)

  11. "Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy, and God hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD?" (Lev. 10:17)

  12. "Nevertheless a fountain or pit, wherein there is plenty of water [LXX reads: "gathering of water"], shall be clean: but that which toucheth their carcase shall be unclean." (Lev. 11:36)

  13. "And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering." (Lev. 16:5)

  14. "And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel." (Lev. 16:17)

  15. "And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation." (Lev. 16:33)

  16. "Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the LORD your God am holy." (Lev. 19:2)

  17. "Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children [LXX reads: "all the congregation"] of Israel, and say unto them, Whatsoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will offer his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings, which they will offer unto the LORD for a burnt offering . . . ." (Lev. 22:18)

  18. "Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him." (Lev. 24:14)

  19. "And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death." (Lev. 24:16)

Sunagoge in Numbers

  1. "Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls." (Num. 1:2)

  2. "These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel." (Num. 1:16)

  3. "And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls." (Num. 1:18)

  4. [A] "Command the children of Israel, that they put out of the camp every leper, and every one that hath an issue, and whosoever is defiled by the dead." (Num. 5:2)

  5. "And thou shalt bring the Levites before the tabernacle of the congregation: and thou shalt gather the whole assembly of the children of Israel together." (Num. 8:9)

  6. "And Moses, and Aaron, and all the congregation of the children of Israel, did to the Levites according unto all that the LORD commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so did the children of Israel unto them." (Num. 8:20)

  7. "Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps." (Num. 10:2)

  8. "And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation." (Num. 10:3)

  9. "But when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm." (Num. 10:7)

  10. "And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land." (Num. 13:26)

  11. "And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night." (Num. 14:1)

  12. "And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness!" (Num. 14:2)

  13. "Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel." (Num. 14:5)

  14. "And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land." (Num. 14:7)

  15. "But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel." (Num. 14:10)

  16. "How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me." (Num. 14:27)

  17. "I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die." (Num. 14:35)

  18. "And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land . . . ." (Num. 14:36)

  19. "And if a stranger sojourn with you, or whosoever be among you in your generations, and will offer an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD; as ye do, so he [LXX reads: "so the congregation"] shall do." (Num. 15:14)

  20. "Then it shall be, if ought be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall offer one young bullock for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour unto the LORD, with his meat offering, and his drink offering, according to the manner, and one kid of the goats for a sin offering." (Num. 15:24)

  21. "And the priest shall make an atonement for all the congregation of the children of Israel, and it shall be forgiven them; for it is ignorance: and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD, and their sin offering before the LORD, for their ignorance." (Num. 15:25)

  22. "And it shall be forgiven all the congregation of the children of Israel, and the stranger that sojourneth among them; seeing all the people were in ignorance." (Num. 15:26)

  23. "And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation." (Num. 15:33)

  24. "And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp." (Num. 15:35)

  25. "And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and [LXX adds: "all the congregation"] stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses." (Num. 15:36)

  26. "And they rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly, famous in the congregation, men of renown." (Num. 16:2)

  27. "And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron, and said unto them, Ye take too much upon you, seeing all the congregation are holy, every one of them, and the LORD is among them: wherefore then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of the LORD?" (Num. 16:3)

  28. "And he spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even to morrow the LORD will shew who are his, and who is holy; and will cause him to come near unto him: even him whom he hath chosen will he cause to come near unto him." (Num. 16:5)

  29. "This do; Take you censers, Korah, and all his company." (Num. 16:6)

  30. "Seemeth it but a small thing unto you, that the God of Israel hath separated you from the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to himself to do the service of the tabernacle of the LORD, and to stand before the congregation [not in B] to minister unto them?" (Num. 16:9)

  31. "For which cause both thou and all thy company are gathered together against the LORD: and what is Aaron, that ye murmur against him?" (Num. 16:11)

  32. "And Moses said unto Korah, Be thou and all thy company before the LORD, thou, and they, and Aaron, to morrow." (Num. 16:16)

  33. "And Korah gathered all the congregation against them unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the congregation." (Num. 16:19)

  34. "Separate yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume them in a moment." (Num. 16:21)

  35. "And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?" (Num. 16:22)

  36. "Speak unto the congregation, saying, Get you up from about the tabernacle [LXX reads: "the company"] of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram." (Num. 16:24)

  37. "And he spake unto the congregation, saying, Depart, I pray you, from the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, lest ye be consumed in all their sins." (Num. 16:26)

  38. "They, and all that appertained to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation." (Num. 16:33)

  39. "And it came to pass, when the congregation was gathered against Moses and against Aaron, that they looked toward the tabernacle of the congregation: and, behold, the cloud covered it, and the glory of the LORD appeared." (Num. 16:42)

  40. "Get you up from among this congregation, that I may consume them as in a moment. And they fell upon their faces." (Num. 16:45)

  41. "And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation; and, behold, the plague was begun among the people: and he put on incense, and made an atonement for the people." (Num. 16:47)

  42. "And a man that is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and lay them up without the camp in a clean place, and it shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Israel for a water of separation: it is a purification for sin." (Num. 19:9)

  43. "But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off from among the congregation, because he hath defiled the sanctuary of the LORD: the water of separation hath not been sprinkled upon him; he is unclean." (Num. 19:20)

  44. "Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there." (Num. 20:1)

  45. "And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron." (Num. 20:2)

  46. "And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there?" (Num. 20:4)

  47. "And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them." (Num. 20:6)

  48. "Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink." (Num. 20:8)

  49. "And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?" (Num. 20:10)

  50. "And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also." (Num. 20:11)

  51. "And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them." (Num. 20:12)

  52. "And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor." (Num. 20:22)

  53. "Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor [LXX adds: "before all the congregation"]." (Num. 20:25)

  54. "And Moses did as the LORD commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation." (Num. 20:27)

  55. "And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel." (Num. 20:29)

  56. "And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time." (Num. 22:4)

  57. "And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. (Num. 25:6)

  58. And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand." (Num. 25:7)

  59. "Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, throughout their fathers' house, all that are able to go to war in Israel." (Num. 26:2)

  60. "And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the LORD." (Num. 26:9)

  61. "And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign." (Num. 26:10)

  62. "And they stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying . . . ." (Num. 27:2)

  63. "Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not in the company of them that gathered themselves together against the LORD in the company of Korah; but died in his own sin, and had no sons." (Num. 27:3)

  64. "For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin." (Num. 27:14)

  65. "Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation." (Num. 27:16)

  66. "Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the LORD be not as sheep which have no shepherd." (Num. 27:17)

  67. "And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight." (Num. 27:19)

  68. "And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation." (Num. 27:21)

  69. "And Moses did as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation." (Num. 27:22)

  70. "And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp." (Num. 31:13)

  71. "Behold, these caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against the LORD in the matter of Peor, and there was a plague among the congregation of the LORD." (Num. 31:16)

  72. "Take the sum of the prey that was taken, both of man and of beast, thou, and Eleazar the priest, and the chief fathers of the congregation." (Num. 31:26)

  73. "And divide the prey into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation." (Num. 31:27)

  74. "Now the half that pertained unto the congregation was three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred sheep." (Num. 31:43)

  75. "The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spake unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying . . ." (Num. 32:2)

  76. "For if ye turn away from after him, he will yet again leave them in the wilderness; and ye shall destroy all this people [LXX reads: "this whole congregation"]." (Num. 32:15)

  77. "And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgment." (Num. 35:12)

  78. "Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the revenger of blood according to these judgments." (Num. 35:24)

  79. "And the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled: and he shall abide in it unto the death of the high priest, which was anointed with the holy oil." (Num. 35:25)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Deuteronomy

  1. "Specially the day [LXX reads: "the day of the assembly"] that thou stoodest before the LORD thy God in Horeb, when the LORD said unto me, Gather me the people together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and that they may teach their children." (Deut. 4:10)

  2. "These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me." (Deut. 5:22)

  3. "And the LORD delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the finger of God; and on them was written according to all the words, which the LORD spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly." (Deut. 9:10)

  4. "According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not." (Deut. 18:16)

  5. "He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation [not in A] of the LORD." (Deut. 23:1)

  6. "A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the LORD." (Deut. 23:2)

  7. "An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the LORD for ever." (Deut. 23:3)

  8. "The children that are begotten of them shall enter into the congregation of the LORD in their third generation." (Deut. 23:8)

  9. "And Moses spake in the ears of all the congregation of Israel the words of this song, until they were ended." (Deut. 31:30)

  10. "Moses commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation [plural in LXX] of Jacob." (Deut. 33:4)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Joshua

  1. "There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them." (Josh. 8:35)

  2. "And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them." (Josh. 9:15)

  3. "And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation [not in B] had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes." (Josh. 9:18)

  4. "But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them." (Josh. 9:19)

  5. "And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation; as the princes had promised them." (Josh. 9:21)

  6. "And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the LORD, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose." (Josh. 9:27)

  7. "And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them." (Josh. 18:1)

  8. "That the slayer that killeth any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood [LXX adds: "until he have stood before the congregation for judgement]." (Josh. 20:3; identified as vs. 6 in A)

  9. [According to Hatch and Redpath's Concordance to the Septuagint, sunagoge is also found in a verse identified as Joshua 20:4 in the Codex Alexandrinus, but it is not quoted here since we do not have access to either the Greek text or a translation of it.]

  10. "These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them, that whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation." (Josh. 20:9; identified as vs. 6 in B)

  11. "Thus saith the whole congregation of the LORD, What trespass is this that ye have committed against the God of Israel, to turn away this day from following the LORD, in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against the LORD?" (Josh. 22:16)

  12. "Is the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed until this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of the LORD?" (Josh. 22:17)

  13. "Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity." (Josh. 22:20)

  14. "And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation and heads of the thousands of Israel which were with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them." (Josh. 22:30)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Judges

  1. "And after a time he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcase of the lion: and, behold, there was a swarm [not in A] of bees and honey in the carcase of the lion." (Judg. 14:8)

  2. "Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba, with the land of Gilead, unto the LORD in Mizpeh." (Judg. 20:1)

  3. "And the chief of all the people, even of all the tribes of Israel, presented themselves in the assembly of the people of God, four hundred thousand footmen that drew sword." (Judg. 20:2)

  4. "And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with the congregation unto the LORD? For they had made a great oath concerning him that came not up to the LORD to Mizpeh, saying, He shall surely be put to death." (Judg. 21:5)

  5. "And they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to the LORD? And, behold, there came none to the camp from Jabeshgilead to the assembly." (Judg. 21:8)

  6. "And the congregation sent thither twelve thousand men of the valiantest, and commanded them, saying, Go and smite the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the children." (Judg. 21:10)

  7. "And the whole congregation sent some to speak to the children of Benjamin that were in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably unto them." (Judg. 21:13)

  8. "Then the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing the women are destroyed out of Benjamin?" (Judg. 21:16)

Ekklesia in 1 Samuel

  1. "And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD'S, and he will give you into our hands." (1 Sam. 17:47)

  2. "And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied." (1 Sam. 19:20)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in 1 Kings

  1. [A] "And king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel, that were assembled unto him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be told nor numbered for multitude." (1 Kings 8:5)

  2. "And the king turned his face about, and blessed all the congregation of Israel: (and all the congregation of Israel stood)." (1 Kings 8:14)

  3. "And Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven." (1 Kings 8:22)

  4. "And he stood, and blessed all the congregation of Israel with a loud voice, saying . . . ." (1 Kings 8:55)

  5. "And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days." (1 Kings 8:65)

  6. [A] That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying . . . . (1 Kings 12:3)

  7. "And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only." (1 Kings 12:20)

  8. "And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah [LXX reads: "the congregation of Judah"], with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon." (1 Kings 12:21)

Ekklesia in 1 Chronicles

  1. "And David said unto all the congregation of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of the LORD our God, let us send abroad unto our brethren every where, that are left in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the priests and Levites which are in their cities and suburbs, that they may gather themselves unto us." (1 Chr. 13:2)

  2. "And all the congregation said that they would do so: for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people." (1 Chr. 13:4)

  3. "Then David the king stood up upon his feet [LXX reads: "And David stood in the midst of the assembly"], and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building." (1 Chr. 28:2)

  4. "Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation of the LORD, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of the LORD your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for your children after you for ever." (1 Chr. 28:8)

  5. "Furthermore David the king said unto all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great: for the palace is not for man, but for the LORD God." (1 Chr. 29:1)

  6. "Wherefore David blessed the LORD before all the congregation: and David said, Blessed be thou, LORD God of Israel our father, for ever and ever." (1 Chr. 29:10)

  7. "And David said to all the congregation, Now bless the LORD your God. And all the congregation blessed the LORD God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped the LORD, and the king." (1 Chr. 29:20)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in 2 Chronicles

  1. "So Solomon, and all the congregation with him, went to the high place that was at Gibeon; for there was the tabernacle of the congregation of God, which Moses the servant of the LORD had made in the wilderness." (2 Chr. 1:3)

  2. "Moreover the brasen altar, that Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, he put before the tabernacle of the LORD: and Solomon and the congregation sought unto it." (2 Chr. 1:5)

  3. "Also king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel that were assembled unto him before the ark, sacrificed sheep and oxen, which could not be told nor numbered for multitude." (2 Chr. 5:6)

  4. "And the king turned his face, and blessed the whole congregation of Israel: and all the congregation of Israel stood." (2 Chr. 6:3)

  5. "And he stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands." (2 Chr. 6:12)

  6. "For Solomon had made a brasen scaffold, of five cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court: and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees before all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven." (2 Chr. 6:13)

  7. "Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt." (2 Chr. 7:8)

  8. "And they sent and called him. So Jeroboam and all [LXX adds: "the congregation of"] Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying . . . ." (2 Chr. 10:3)

  9. "And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court." (2 Chr. 20:5)

  10. "Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation." (2 Chr. 20:14)

  11. "And all the congregation made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And he said unto them, Behold, the king's son shall reign, as the LORD hath said of the sons of David." (2 Chr. 23:3)

  12. "So the armed men left the captives and the spoil before the princes and all the congregation." (2 Chr. 28:14)

  13. "And they brought forth the he goats for the sin offering before the king and the congregation; and they laid their hands upon them." (2 Chr. 29:23)

  14. "And all the congregation worshipped, and the singers sang, and the trumpeters sounded: and all this continued until the burnt offering was finished." (2 Chr. 29:28)

  15. [B] "Then Hezekiah answered and said, Now ye have consecrated yourselves unto the LORD, come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings into the house of the LORD. And the congregation brought in sacrifices and thank offerings; and as many as were of a free heart burnt offerings." (2 Chr. 29:31)

  16. "And the number of the burnt offerings, which the congregation brought, was threescore and ten bullocks, an hundred rams, and two hundred lambs: all these were for a burnt offering to the LORD." (2 Chr. 29:32)

  17. "For the king had taken counsel, and his princes, and all the congregation in Jerusalem, to keep the passover in the second month." (2 Chr. 30:2)

  18. "And the thing pleased the king and all the congregation." (2 Chr. 30:4)

  19. "And there assembled at Jerusalem much people to keep the feast of unleavened bread in the second month, a very great congregation." (2 Chr. 30:13)

  20. "For there were many in the congregation that were not sanctified: therefore the Levites had the charge of the killing of the passovers for every one that was not clean, to sanctify them unto the LORD." (2 Chr. 30:17)

  21. "And the whole assembly took counsel to keep other seven days: and they kept other seven days with gladness." (2 Chr. 30:23)

  22. "For Hezekiah king of Judah did give to the congregation a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the congregation a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep: and a great number of priests sanctified themselves." (2 Chr. 30:24)

  23. "And all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced." (2 Chr. 30:25)

Ekklesia in Ezra

  1. "The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore." (Ezra 2:64)

  2. "Now when Ezra had prayed, and when he had confessed, weeping and casting himself down before the house of God, there assembled unto him out of Israel a very great congregation of men and women and children: for the people wept very sore." (Ezra 10:1)

  3. "And that whosoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the princes and the elders, all his substance should be forfeited, and himself separated from the congregation of those that had been carried away." (Ezra 10:8)

  4. "Then all the congregation answered and said with a loud voice, As thou hast said, so must we do." (Ezra 10:12)

  5. [A] "Let now our rulers of all the congregation stand, and let all them which have taken strange wives in our cities come at appointed times, and with them the elders of every city, and the judges thereof, until the fierce wrath of our God for this matter be turned from us." (Ezra 10:14)

Ekklesia in Nehemiah

  1. "Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his brother. And I set a great assembly against them." (Neh. 5:7)

  2. "Also I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that performeth not this promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen, and praised the LORD. And the people did according to this promise." (Neh. 5:13)

  3. "The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore." (Neh. 7:66)

  4. "And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month." (Neh. 8:2)

  5. "And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness." (Neh. 8:17)

  6. "On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever." (Neh. 13:1)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Job

  1. "His roots are wrapped about the heap [LXX reads: "He lies down upon a gathering of stones"], and seeth the place of stones." (Job 8:17)

  2. "I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation." (Job 30:28)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Psalms

  1. "So shall the congregation of the people compass thee about: for their sakes therefore return thou on high." (Ps. 7:7)

  2. "Their sorrows shall be multiplied that hasten after another god: their drink offerings of blood [LXX reads: "their bloody meetings"] will I not offer, nor take up their names into my lips." (Ps. 16:4)

  3. "For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet." (Ps. 22:16)

  4. "I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee." (Ps. 22:22)

  5. "My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him." (Ps. 22:25)

  6. "I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked." (Ps. 26:5)

  7. "My foot standeth in an even place: in the congregations will I bless the LORD." (Ps. 26:12)

  8. "I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: I will praise thee among much people." (Ps. 35:18)

  9. "I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest." (Ps. 40:9)

  10. I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation." (Ps. 40:10)

  11. [B] "Trust in him at all times; ye people [LXX reads: "congregation of the people"], pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah." (Ps. 62:8)

  12. "Bless ye God in the congregations, even the Lord, from the fountain of Israel." (Ps. 68:26)

  13. "Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, till every one submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people that delight in war." (Ps. 68:30)

  14. "Remember thy congregation, which thou hast purchased of old; the rod of thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt." (Ps. 74:2)

  15. "A Psalm of Asaph. God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods." (Ps. 82:1)

  16. "O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set thee before them." (Ps. 86:14)

  17. "And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints." (Ps. 89:5)

  18. "The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company of Abiram." (Ps. 106:17)

  19. "And a fire was kindled in their company; the flame burned up the wicked." (Ps. 106:18)

  20. "Let them exalt him also in the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly of the elders." (Ps. 107:32)

  21. "Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation." (Ps. 111:1)

  22. "Praise ye the LORD. Sing unto the LORD a new song, and his praise in the congregation of saints." (Ps. 149:1)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in Proverbs

  1. "I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly." (Pr. 5:14)

  2. "I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly." (Pr. 5:14)

  3. "The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead." (Pr. 21:16)

Sunagoge in Isaiah

  1. "And they shall turn the rivers far away; and the brooks of defence [LXX reads: "and every gathering of water"] shall be emptied and dried up: the reeds and flags shall wither." (Is. 19:6)

  2. "And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield. [LXX reads: "and a gathering for battle."]" (Is. 22:6)

  3. "And they shall be gathered together [LXX reads: "shall gather the multitude into prisons", not in A], as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited." (Is. 24:22)

  4. "I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of the besieged places [LXX reads: "and every gathering of water"]." (Is. 37:25)

  5. "The Lord GOD which gathereth the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will I gather others to him, beside those that are gathered unto him." [LXX reads: "Saith the Lord that gathers the dispersed of Israel; for I will gather to him a congregation."] (Is. 56:8)

Sunagoge in Jeremiah

  1. "Therefore I am full of the fury of the LORD; I am weary with holding in: I will pour it out upon the children abroad, and upon the assembly of young men together: for even the husband with the wife shall be taken, the aged with him that is full of days." (Jer. 6:11)

  2. "Then rose up certain of the elders of the land, and spake to all the assembly of the people, saying . . . ." (Jer. 26:17)

  3. "Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin shalt go forth in the dances [LXX reads: "with the company"] of them that make merry." (Jer. 31:4)

  4. "Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance [LXX reads: "in the assembly"], both young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow." (Jer. 31:13)

  5. "Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying . . . ." (Jer. 44:15)

  6. "For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows shall be as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain." (Jer. 50:9)

Ekklesia in Lamentations

  1. "The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen that the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation." (Lam. 1:10)

Sunagoge in Ezekiel

  1. "For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people [LXX reads: "a company of very many nations"]." (Ezek. 26:7)

  2. "Thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that are in thee, and in all thy company which is in the midst of thee, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of thy ruin." (Ezek. 27:27)

  3. "In the time when thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters thy merchandise and all thy company in the midst of thee shall fall." (Ezek. 27:34)

  4. [A] "Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will therefore spread out my net over thee with a company of many people; and they shall bring thee up in my net." (Ezek. 32:3)

  5. "Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword." (Ezek. 32:22)

  6. "Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living." (Ezek. 32:23)

  7. [A] "Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living." (Ezek. 32:23)

  8. "So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army." (Ezek. 37:10)

  9. "And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords." (Ezek. 38:4)

  10. "Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them." (Ezek. 38:7)

  11. "Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?" (Ezek. 38:13)

  12. "And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou, and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army." (Ezek. 38:15)

Sunagoge in Daniel

Today's LXX does not contain the original LXX version of Daniel, but contains instead the second century AD translation done by the Hellenistic Jewish scholar Theodotion. The following verses are taken from the original LXX rather than the Theodotion version.

  1. [Sunagoge is also found in Daniel 8:25. It reads very differently from the Masoretic text, and we do not currently have a good translation of it available.]

  2. "But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress." (Dan. 11:10)

  3. "And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand." (Dan. 11:11)

  4. "And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it." (Dan. 11:12)

  5. "For the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches." (Dan. 11:13)

Ekklesia and Sunagoge in the Minor Prophets

  1. "Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet." (Joel 2:16)

  2. "Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction [LXX reads: "on their gathering"] in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity;" (Ob. 1:13)

  3. "Therefore thou shalt have none that shall cast a cord by lot in the congregation of the LORD." (Mic. 2:5)

  4. "Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations [LXX reads: "gatherings of the nations"], that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy." (Zep. 3:8)

  5. "Turn you to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope [LXX reads: "prisoners of the congregation"]: even to day do I declare that I will render double unto thee." (Zec. 9:12)

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