The Bible Reveals:
The Divine Christ in the Old Testament
by Bob Pickle
- Christ and the Resurrection
- Christ and His Kingdom
- Titles of Michael and Christ in the Book of
- Christ Appears; Michael is Mentioned
- The Divine Angel
- The Motive for Lucifer's Rebellion
- The End of It All
Christ, the Archangel, and the Resurrection
Many Christians are not aware of how personally involved
Jesus was in the salvation of mankind in Old Testament times. Three
points drawn from the New Testament will introduce the subject:
- Jesus said His own voice will raise the dead (Jn. 5:28).
- But Paul indicates that the voice of the Archangel will raise the
dead (1 Th. 4:16).
- Jude implies that Michael the Archangel raised up Moses (Jude 9).
This would seem to suggest that the only archangel in the Bible, Michael,
whose name means "Who is
like God?", is the same person as Christ.
Arche is a Greek word that means "first in time or
place." It is often translated either "beginning" (first
in time) or "ruler" (first in place). By putting arche
together with angelos, the Greek word for angel, we get the word
It is quite easy to see how Christ can be called the Archangel since
He appropriately is the "ruler" of all the angels, though He
Himself never has been and never will be an angel, in the normal sense
of the word.
Christ and His Kingdom
- Michael will "stand up," which means "begin to
reign" (Dan. 12:1; 8:22, 23; 11:2-4, 20, 21).
- It is the God of heaven that is to reign, and it is the rock that
smites the image that symbolizes this (Dan. 2:34, 44, 45).
- A rock often symbolizes Christ (i.e., 1 Cor. 10:4).
These three points seem to make Michael, God, and Christ one and the
same person. Most Christians believe in the divinity of Christ, so
equating Christ and God does not pose any problem as long as there is
still made a distinction between God the Father and the Son. But
equating Michael with the divine Christ is a new thought to many.
Titles of Michael and Christ in the Book of Daniel
According to Daniel:
- Michael was "one of the chief princes" (Dan. 10:13).
- Michael was Daniel's prince (Dan. 10:21).
- Michael is "the great prince which standeth for" God's
people (Dan. 12:1).
- Christ is the Prince of the host (Dan. 8:11).
- Christ is the Prince of princes (Dan. 8:25).
- Christ is the Messiah the Prince (Dan. 9:25).
- Christ is the Prince of the covenant (Dan. 11:22).
The book of Daniel gives both Michael and Christ very similar titles.
For some Bible students who hold particular views on prophecy, number 7 may seem strange. This
identification comes from the similarity of the Hebrew in both Daniel 9
and Daniel 11. Usually the Hebrew word for "prince" in Daniel
is sar. However, when speaking of the "Messiah the prince"
and the "prince that shall come" who confirms the
"covenant" in chapter 9, and the "prince of the covenant"
in chapter 11, the
Hebrew word is not sar but nagiyd. This suggests that the
"Messiah the prince" and the "Prince of the
covenant" are one and the same person.
In other words, in both Daniel 9 and Daniel 11 we have a prince, a nagiyd,
who is connected with a covenant. Only in these two passages is the word
nagiyd found in Daniel. The two individuals must be the same
Christ Appears; Michael is Mentioned
The references to Michael by name in the book of Daniel all occur in chapters
10-12 (10:13, 21; 12:1). This was during a vision in which Daniel saw Christ Himself
(cf. Dan. 10:5, 6; Rev.
The Divine Angel
There are many references in the Old Testament to a particular Angel
of the Lord being the Lord Himself. (See the paper entitled "An
'Angel' Named Yahweh.") One example of many is the "Angel" that appeared to Moses in
the bush. This "Angel" is then called "God" and "LORD" (Ex.
3:2, 4). Would not this divine "Angel" be Michael, or Christ?
The Motive for Lucifer's Rebellion
- Lucifer determined that he would place his throne above the stars
of God (Is. 14:13).
- Stars represent angels (Rev. 1:20).
- Lucifer was a covering cherub (Ezek. 28:14, 16).
- A covering cherub was an angel that stood in the very presence of
God, symbolized by the cherubs atop the ark of the covenant
(1 Sam. 4:4; 2 Sam. 6:2; 2 Kings 19:15; 1 Chr.
13:6; Ps. 80:1; Is. 37:16; Ex. 25:20; 37:9).
Since Lucifer was already above all the angels, having the
highest place in the courts of heaven, why did he say he wanted to
put his throne above all the stars?
- The one star above Lucifer was Christ, "the bright and
morning star" (Rev. 22:16).
Since Christ or Michael was divine and Lucifer was not, Lucifer was
jealous. The whole war in heaven started out of Satan's jealousy of
Christ. Hence the references in Scripture to Michael often show Michael
and Satan in mortal combat (Rev. 12:7; Dan. 10:13; Jude 9).
The End of It All
That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in
heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every
tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the
Father. (Php. 2:10, 11)
Even Satan shall bow and confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, something
he has refused to do for thousands of years. The Father will be
glorified when Satan bows and admits that the Son is Lord.